Search for nationality - scottish
Alexander Gordon Laing is today remembered as one of the casualties of the early 19th century exploration of Africa. However, before he died he managed to become first European to reach the isolated city of Timbuktu.
Scotland explorer John Rae managed to secure his place in history with his numerous journeys to the Canadian northwest where he tried to map Northwestern passage, and also for being first person who found resting place of the doomed Franklin expedition.
During his life British naval officer and explorer John Ross visited both Arctic and South Pole, but his biggest claim to fame arrived during the years when he tried to find the route through Northwestern Passage.
Sir Alexander Mackenzie is a famous Scottish explorer who managed to become first European who performed overland crossing of North America from East to West Coast above the territories of Mexico, predating the famous expedition of Lewis and Clark for 10 years.