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Many explorers of the New World are famous for their discoveries, but Cabeza de Vaca is today remembered for his disastrous expedition in which he barely managed to survive and after many years of hardship return to Europe.
Sir Francis Drake is today remembered as one of the finest English naval explorers of the 16th century. He led several important expeditions, discovered new lands, and managed to become first Englishman who has circumvented the world.
The quest for finding mythical El Dorado attracted many explorers, including Spanish conquistador Francisco Vasquez de Coronado who managed to lead very large expedition around the area of river Rio Grande.
Hernando de Soto was a famous Spanish Conquestador who managed to claim his spot in history by exploring territories in Florida, southeastern US, Missisippi and the destruction of Incan empire under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro.
Juan de Onate is today remembered as one of the last Spanish conquistadores who during his life managed to be involved in several important exploratory missions, discovery of new Native American cultures and colonization of the New World.
Many Spanish explorers distinguished themselves by making discoveries in Central and North America, but Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo will remain forever remembered by his exploits in charting the coast of California.
Pedro de Alvarado is today remembered as one of the most important Spanish conquistadors who was involved in several military campaigns in Central America, including Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and the downfall of the Aztec culture.
In the early years of the 16th century Spanish captain Sebastián de Ocampo proved to the world that the Caribbean island Hispaniola (now known as Cuba) was not the part of the larger continent but that is island instead.
Sir Richard Grenville was a cousin of the Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Francis Drake, responsible for several victories against Spanish naval armadas and establishing English colonies in the New World.
The life of the naval explorer in the late 16th and early 17th century was best recorded in the popular book “Voiage into the South Sea” that was written by the famous English admiral, privateer and explorer Sir Richard Hawkins.
Spanish explorer and conquistador Vasco Núñez de Balboa managed during his life to discover one of the most important discoveries in Central America – the way to the Pacific Ocean via Strait of Panama.