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Early years of 20th century are today remembered as one of the most exciting times for the explorers. In that short 25-year period, several important scientific journeys left their mark in the polar snows and history of the world. That time-period is today known as "Heroic Age of Polar Exploration".
Exploits of this English explorer proved to be instrumental in the exploration of the Antarctic. One of his most famous missions is the one from 1908, where he managed to get only 102 miles from the pole.
Joseph Banks is remembered in the history of World and England as one of the most influential botanists and scientific patrons of his time. During his long life he was invested in both personal exploration efforts and managing several notable scientific institutions.
The continent of Africa represented for many centuries a great mystery to the rest of the World. Its vast lands remained uncharted all up to late years of 19th century, when many European countries became invested into colonization of this continent. Beginning of this sudden European invasion process was made possible by the discoveries of many 19th century explorers (most notably David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley), as well by the efforts of much older explorers from Ancient Greece and Rome.