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Sir John Hawkins is today remembered as a famous military commander and slave trader that had great impact in the defense of the England against powerful Spanish Armada in 1588, and the numerous fights against Spanish forces throughout his entire life.
Sir Richard Grenville is today remembered as one of the most famous naval military commanders of 16th century. During his career he explored the waters of Central America, fought the Spanish in many encounters, and died defending his ship against overwhelmingly powerful Spanish forces, a feat that is immortalized in modern history.
Early years of 17th century were marked by the discoveries made by several English explorers. One of them was without a doubt Henry Hudson who explored much of eastern coast of North America, finding the entrance to the Hudson Bay and Hudson River.
Exploits of this English explorer proved to be instrumental in the exploration of the Antarctic. One of his most famous missions is the one from 1908, where he managed to get only 102 miles from the pole.