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The discovery of a New World by Christopher Columbus kick-started one the greatest age of exploration that Earth has ever seen. For over 3 centuries, explorers from around the world explored these vast continents, in search for undiscovered fertile lands, vast resources and better trade routes.
500 years before Christopher Columbus set his foot on the shores of Central America, another European explorer managed to find his way across frozen waves of the northern seas to Canada. He was Nordic navigator Leif Ericson, son of a Eric the Red, and an explorer whose name will live forever.
The continent of Africa represented for many centuries a great mystery to the rest of the World. Its vast lands remained uncharted all up to late years of 19th century, when many European countries became invested into colonization of this continent. Beginning of this sudden European invasion process was made possible by the discoveries of many 19th century explorers (most notably David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley), as well by the efforts of much older explorers from Ancient Greece and Rome.
The early years of Great Age of Polar Explorers were marked by the exploits of famous Norwegian scientist and Noble Prize winner Fridtjof Nansen. This two missions to the north regions established base for all future explorations of Polar Regions.