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The continent of Africa represented for many centuries a great mystery to the rest of the World. Its vast lands remained uncharted all up to late years of 19th century, when many European countries became invested into colonization of this continent. Beginning of this sudden European invasion process was made possible by the discoveries of many 19th century explorers (most notably David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley), as well by the efforts of much older explorers from Ancient Greece and Rome.
This Portuguese navigator's greatest discovery will be the finding of the land of South America. He made his landing on the coast of the today's Brazil believing that he discovered just another island of the New World.
He traveled several times exploring the eastern coast of Africa paving the way for future Portuguese discoveries. Diogo Cao's discoveries were instrumental in the Vasco De Gama's famous first journey to the India.
This Portuguese explorer will forever remain one of the most famous explorers of all time. He set of on his legendary journey around the world in 1519 with a fleet of 5 ships and 237 crewmembers, but sadly, only 19 of them returned home three years later.